Category Archives: Ford Transmission

4r70w/4r70e improvements

 ok guys, i did not write this i found it elsewhere, so credit should go to whoever did the research on this one. i can’t remember where i found it originally several months ago. basically it describes the upgrades in the early 00’s of the ford 4R70 and4R75  automatic transmissions found in most crown vic style cars. i saved it for my own referrence and figured some of ya might like to read it too………..


 For those unfamiliar, somewhere along the way FORD started to standardize their naming of transmissions. The first number (4 in the case of 4R70W) stands for the number of forward gears. the R stands for rear wheel drive, the 70 (or 75) is torque handling capability [add a zero at the end and you have the torque capacity in foot lbs – 70 = 700, 75 = 750] and then the W in the case of the 4R70W stands for Wide ratio gearing. Initially FORD used an E on the new all electronic versions of older trannies when they were introduced (AXODE AODE 5R55E etc). The return to a 4R70E and 4R75E is still somewhat a mystery, unless it was designed to denominate a standard gearing ratio tranny as opposed to the wide ratio 4R70W. But I digress…

In 2004 the venerable 4R70W got some significant changes made to it. Remember the 4R70W traces it’s lineage to the AOD, which has been around nearly 30 years. the 4R70W was born in 1996 from the AODE. Significant changes occurred in 1998, and some smaller ones since, but nothing like this.

The changes are as follows:

1. redesigned pump and stator assembly
2. redesigned intermediate clutch assembly
3. redesigned forward-clutch drum (with a new Sun shell as well)
4. redesigned center support
5. new style anti clunk spring (now called an anti rattle clip)
6. redesigned transmission case
7. shorter output shaft speed sensor
8. redesigned ring gear

FORD says none of these parts are reverse compatible. While I understand what they say, I do know that in the past they have said that and ingenuious folks have found ways to work around and MAKE them reverse compatible. Still, at this juncture I’ll take them at their word.

One of the interesting things about redesigns by the manufacturer is that they highlight problem areas – usually already well known and with existing aftermarket fixes.

Here is what we know about the 4R70W in terms of weak areas. The pump sealing rings have been a minor problem area and often that has led to problems in the forward clutch area due to inadequate pressure. Aftermarket one piece teflon seals have appeared in an effort to solve this. Also drilling the feed hole to the forward clutch circuit is also not uncommon. The direct drum had similar issues with scarf cut type sealing rings on the output shaft feed, and that was fixed in the aftermarket by adding one piece sealing rings (which FORD even includes now in their rebuild kits as well.) The intermediate clutch was not a problem area to my current knowledge, but FORD has upped the size of the apply piston in their upgrades.

Let’s look at the upgrades one by one.

1. Intermediate piston

The old intermediate piston design had a piston that was .550 inch wide and that used lip seals. The new one is .690 wide and has a bonded seal. The old piston had a bleed hole, and the new one uses a checkball capsule. The old spring retainer has been eliminated, and in its place there is a case mounted wave spring used as a return spring.

2. Pump

The pump stator has a deeper sealing ring groove and FORD has gone to a plastic butt cut sealing ring. The pump body was redesigned to accomodate the larger piston for the intermediate clutch and elimination of the return spring assembly.

3. Forward Drum

The forward drum was changed to provide a triggerring mechanism for a new speed sensor.

4. Sun Shell

The sun shell was changed from a ferrous material to aluminum to allow operation of the forward clutch sensor. This meant using some rivets to retain the shell to the sun gear (I openly wonder the strength of this setup).

5. Center Support

The center support has yet another notch cut in it to accomodate the new speed sensor. In 2002, FORD apparently eliminated the old style “clock spring” anti klunk spring in favor of a new style “clip” looking thing. I plan to investigate the reverse compatability as I HATE the old style. For those interested the new style is FORD P/N 2L3Z-7F277-AA.

6. Output Shaft Speed Sensor

The old output shaft speed sensor was made .100 shorter, and instead of triggerring off the holes in the ring gear, it now triggers off the parking pawl teeth, which have been made longer. I suspect the days of ruining the output shaft sensor on disassembly are now gone.

7. Case

Finally, the case has been slightly redesigned to accomodate the added sensor (turbine shaft speed sensor) on the forward drum.

I do not know exactly how the 70 became a 75, but someone earlier claimed there was a running part change in the planetary assembly that they attributed the increase in torque handling to.

Ford 4R70W Transmission: Part 1

Well since i decided to keep my 01 mercury grand marquis AND have a few issues i need to address with the transmission, i decided to do a bit of research here this morning on what tranny i got and what i need to do. i would like to just get another tranny to make an all out unit i can swap in at some point.

 i quickly learned that i made a wise decision in keeping this car. the Ford AOD trannys sometime in 1992 was redesigned and designated the 4R70w. this redesign was tyo complement the then new modular engines like the 4.6Liter engines most derby guys throw in the car for the scrap yard. the 4R70W like many transmissions throughout the 90’s had updates to resolve longevity issues. 98 and newer trannys seem to be the ones to start out with as far as better tranny cores. unfortunately, it looks like the squad cars and town cars had a different length tailshaft and ironically a lousy output shaft compared to what i got. SO, i may have a bit more of a bitch of a time finding an appropriate swap in core for my 01 mercury.

i ran across a copyrighted article on the thunderbird and cougar enthusiast’s website that to be honest is 11 pages of stuff that is so well written and comprehensive- i didn’t thing there was any point in expanding on it. this guy knows his stuff. so if you guys would like to read and learn from the same articles i read on these trannys please click on the link below!

i WILL however be doing a write up on how i did a tear down and rebuild of my tranny….like i need more projects to do…LMAO!! this one should be fun cause most derby guys throw this stuff out the window without thinking twice.